I was recently asked the following question:
“Do you follow all the Jewish laws?”
I thought the answer might be informative to my few readers- so here goes:
I follow the mitzvot (as outlined in the old testament, and of course to the best of my abilities) but NOT the Talmud- which are the additional rabbinical writings that are the “Jewish Laws.”
When you break it down, most believers attempt to follow mitzvot. There are 613 Mitzvot in the Torah. I break them down into four categories.
The first group are basic moral laws about caring for one another and the land.
- The 10 commandments
- 11 commands about how we are to love one another
- 2 laws to learn Torah and to respect scholars of Torah
- 51 about customs and forbiding idol worship.
- 1 law about repenting of sin
- 17 laws about marraige, divorce and adultry
- 8 laws about honesty / vows
- 48 laws about doing business ethically / lending money
- 5 laws about how to farm
- 13 laws about caring for the poor
- 36 laws about murder / theiving etc
- 37 laws about forbidden sexual relationships
Then there are an additional 89- that the “Torah Observant” attempt to follow:
- 33 laws about food / slaughter
- 11 laws about prayer and worship (recite the Shema, post mezuzahs, Bless His name after eating.)
- 5 laws about keeping the sabbath
- 30 laws about observing the holidays
Then there are these- which I am still studying and trying to figure out how they apply today.
- 22 laws about the year of Jubilee
The rest of the laws aren’t applicable today- either because there is no temple- or because the Messiah was the ultimate sacrifice or because we aren’t Nazarites or Isreali.
- 10 laws to the Nazarites
- 29 laws about offerings to God
- 47 laws about temple worship
- 39 laws about sacrifice
- 20 laws about ritual purity
- 74 laws about how the kingdom of Isreal was to be run